TRAN Duc Dung

Etude du spectre d’absorption de l’oxygène en infrarouge proche et application à la télédétection des gaz à effet de serre dans l’atmosphère.

Directeurs.rices de thèses : Tran A. & Cuesta J. & Armante R.

Date 2020-12-16
Diplôme Sorbonne Université


Composition du jury

Muriel LEPÈRE Rapporteuse
Maud ROTGER Rapporteuse
François-Marie BRÉON Examinateur
Arnaud CUISSET Examinateur
Solène TURQUETY Examinatrice
Ha TRAN Directrice de thèse
Juan CUESTA Co-Directeur de thèse
Raymond ARMANTE Co-Directeur de thèse


This work is dedicated to the study of the spectroscopy of oxygen at 1.27 μm, in support of the satellite mission MicroCarb. Firstly, absorption spectra of air- and self-broadened O2 lines were first computed using requantized Classical Molecular Dynamics Simulations. Their fit using the quadratic speed-dependent Nelkin-Ghatak model provides high-order line-shape parameters that are consistent with experimentally determined values. The second part is devoted to the retrieval of the spectroscopic parameters of more than eighty lines of O2 broadened by air in the 1.27 μm band with the same model and the first-order line mixing. Validation of these line parameters, but also the Collision-Induced Absorption (CIA) coefficients available in literature for O2 were then performed and evaluated using the Spectroscopic Parameters And Radiative Transfer Evaluation calculation chain. The line parameters obtained in this thesis lead to much better agreement with measured spectra, compared to those obtained with the widely-used HITRAN and GEISA databases. The existing data of CIA coefficients lead to similar residuals, in rather good agreement with measurements. Finally, the first effects of line broadening by water vapor in the O2 A-band, and of the new oxygen spectroscopy data in the 1.27 μm band, on the retrievals of aerosols are studied using simulated spectra, for the same configurations of GOME-2 and MicroCarb measurements, respectively. The results show that neglecting the line broadening of O2 lines by H2O produces a very small error on the retrieval results using the O2 A-band. The sensitivity of the aerosol retrieval to O2 spectroscopy is relatively low for the 1.27 μm band.